Kalulushi District lies in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia and is located 15KM to the West of the City of Kitwe between longitudes 28 degrees East of the Greenwich Meridian and latitudes 13 degrees south of the Equator. It was founded in the early 1960s as a Mining Town; due to increased population and infrastructure development in the town, Kalulushi attained the District status in 1977 and later on a Municipal status in 1992.
DEMOGRAPHY AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE
According to the 2010 census, Kalulushi District had a population of 100,381 of which 50,164 were males and 50,217 females. This has shown a population increase of 24,575 with a growth rate of 2.8% compared to the 75,806 reported in the previous census (CSO, 2010). Kalulushi covers an area of 725km2 which gives a population density of 138.5 persons per square kilometer and remains one of the smallest viable Municipalities on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. Table 2.0 below gives the population structure of Kalulushi.
KALULUSHI CONSTITUENCY/ DISTRICT 100381 50164 50217 19203
Source: 2010 Census Report
In terms of settlement pattern, the District is divided into three conventional urban areas namely, Kalulushi Central, Chambishi and Chibuluma. Other peripheral areas include;
Chati, Chembe, Lukoshi, Musakashi,Chibote, Mwambashi and Ichimpe.
Kalulushi evolved around Mining as the major economic activity, with vast agricultural land in the outlying areas. As the population increased, the local people started exploring the agricultural potential of Kalulushi. Since then, Kalulushi has exhibited a dual economic structure i.e., Mining and Agriculture. Agriculture on the other hand has also not grown to its full capacity despite the district has fairly good soils. The majority of the farmers are engaged in peasant farming due to lack of capacity to commercialize, poor road accessibility, unaffordable costs of inputs and inadequate extension services. The institutional structures such as Cooperatives, which were meant to support the agriculture sector, are still weak. The economic opportunities like agro-forestry and tourism have not been effectively utilized. Only a few
companies are engaged in timber processing and their net impact on the district economy is minimal, as a result the majority of people have very little capacity even to pay for the municipal services.
Apart from the Mines, Kalulushi’s Commercial and Industrial base has generally been weak but there is still potential to rejuvenate the Township’s economic fortunes. There are a number of investment opportunities in various sectors in the District. In addition, the district is housing the Zambia Catholic University which has already started producing graduates who are useful to the development of the district. Kalulushi Municipal Council has also geared itself in the creation of plots of various categories in order to foster development. Through the Council the district is now a home of one of the Multi Facility Economic Zones (MFEZ) in Zambia which overtime is expected to contribute significantly to the economic profile of the district. Analytically in a district like Kalulushi where over one third of the population is in the active labour force, the impact of unemployment is highly felt, as the large proportion of the population is dependent on a few people as breadwinners. In fact, according to the Living Conditions Monitoring Survey (2002-2003), 85 out of every 100 people were dependent on other people for livelihood. Poverty levels are currently estimated at 80%.